Factors affecting rice production

“Automatic machines and automation systems have gradually become important in mills. If you use new and advances processing technologies, you may get extra yields. Current automated technologies enable operating with less workforce and decrease unit cost. They are equipped with a computerized system. You can control it even via a mobile phone.  Human errors has been decreased to zero thanks to the automation. The machine alerts when there is a need replace a part.”

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Turgay YETİŞ

Chairman of Executive Board
Multigrain

Technology is advancing rapidly in the world. Now it is the era of electronics and telecommunication. So pulses, rice and cereals processing should keep pace with this trend.

One of the most important issues for rice is yield. That is to say, what you will gain is related to the yield you get from commodity you process. Making profit from rice has become so hard in today’s commercial conditions since its high financial value and competition.
The rice is classified as short, medium and long grain. Their milling conditions and yields change according to their quality.

Automatic machines and automation systems have gradually become important in mills. Its meaning for millers is shown in the table below. If you use new and advances processing technologies, you may get extra yields as seen in the table.

Current automated technologies enable operating with less workforce and decrease unit cost. The following cutting-edge technology is equipped with a computerized system. You can control it even via a mobile phone. Human errors has been decreased to zero thanks to the automation. The machine alerts when there is a need replace a part.

Hygiene is also important like automation for modern mills and processing technologies. In order to do that, you have to use hygienic machines and also materials. For example in Japan where human health is the most important aspect, stainless materials should be used in food processing plants. This approach is vital for processing and packaging pulses as well as rice.

Laboratories are also important aspects in order to make our mills operate in a healthy and controlled way. Raw materials should be controlled when it is received and the same should be done continuously during processing. So using the latest technology in laborataries is essential.
Integrated Business Systems
Process starts as raw material is received from producer. After preliminary purification, drying is essential. Humidity should be below 14%. If not, fermentation begins and spoiled material produces aflatoxin. This substance is very hazardous for human health. Recently, a machine has been developed in Japan to comb out rice, corn etc. grains with aflatoxin. But obtaining the right result with drying is essential in order to prevent yield loss.

After that, storage process begins. There are many aspects to pay attention for stocking rice and pulses. You have to protect them from humidity. After that, they are processed in the mill. As we mentioned before, raw material should be processed with latest technologies. Especially the best color separation systems should be chosen. Using systems requiring infrequent maintenance or spare parts should be preferred. Today, even glass particles within the product can be separated thanks to NIR systems.

The last procedure is to prevent infestation in the quality material with a modern technology. Achieving this without using pesticides is crucial. After that the product is packaged and placed on the market.
Let’s go back to the integrated system now. Legacy systems do not utilize automation. But new systems can do this via an electronic environment. It is possible to automate the journey of the product from field to fork. Checking the product, its weight, yield and humidity at all stages is possible with electronic devices. We can even test and see the structure of the product and foreign materials within. We will share the prospects about those systems with following pieces.

We also suggest you to read our previous article titled "The importance of pulses industry for the world".

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