COUNTRY PROFILE

A MAJOR PLAYER IN THE GLOBAL BARLEY AND CORN MARKET

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Saudi Arabia has become a major importer of wheat and barley since abandoning plans in 2008 to become self-sufficient – as farming in the desert was draining scarce water supplies. Demand for wheat is expected to grow at an annual rate of 3.2 percent to reach 4.5 million tonnes by 2025. Due to the decreasing domestic agricultural production and strong …

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IRAQ: THE BIGGEST WHEAT IMPORTER IN THE MIDDLE EAST AFTER EGYPT

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Iraq is a major importer of grains, consumes around 6 million tons of wheat a year. Iraq imports about 3 million tons of flour a year, meeting almost half of its demand. Cereal import requirements in the upcoming 2018/19 marketing year are forecast at 4.4 million tonnes, including 2.9 million tonnes of wheat and 1.1 million tonnes of rice. The …

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ARGENTINA: RISING FOOD GIANT

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Argentina is a major producer of agricultural goods, agriculture being a key sector both for its production scale and for its exports. The country’s territory and climate offer an extraordinary potential, especially for grain and livestock production. Mauricio Macri, who came to power by the end of 2015, has implemented economic reforms that promote trade and investments. FAO foresees that …

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BRAZIL: COMPETITIVE PLAYER IN THE WORLD GRAIN MARKET

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“As the fifth largest country in the world by area, the sixth largest by population, and nineth biggest economy, Brazil is a major producer, consumer, and exporter of a wide range of agricultural products. It is one of the world’s biggest agricultural powerhouses. Agribusiness is the key driver of the Brazilian economy. The South American country has become an important …

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Italian milling industry

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“Italy is one of the largest agricultural producers and food processors in the European Union. Italy produces over 50 percent of the EU’s rice and 45 percent of its soybeans. For other commodities, it is typically the EU’s fourth-largest corn producer and the fifth- largest wheat producer, including a significant amount of durum wheat for pasta. Italy is proud of …

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Milling Industry in The United Kingdom

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“Flour remains at the heart of UK food consumption. The UK is self-sufficient in flour. Most of the wheat used by UK millers is grown in the UK. The UK flour milling industry is the largest single processor of British wheat. There are 32 Nabim member companies operating 53 mills. Approximately 5 million tons of wheat is milled annually. There …

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FOCUS ON EGYPT GRAIN AND WHEAT POLICY

Mahmoud RİYAD

“Egypt is not only the largest importer of wheat but also the largest wheat consumer and bread eater per capita in the world. A key component of government policy in this regard is the provision of low-priced bread to the population. This is achieved through a number of government subsidies at the various stages of the value chain. The reform …

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MOROCCO: HUB OF AFRICA

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Located in strategically between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Morocco is a bridge in the trade with West African countries. The Maghreb country is a regional hub for North, West and Sub Saharan Africa for shipping, logistics, assembly, production, and sales. It has duty-free access to 55 countries where more than 1 billion consumers live. The country, which …

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MILLING POTENTIAL IN AFGHANISTAN

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“Afghanistan has the world’s highest annual per capita wheat consumption. Approximately 60 percent of the nation’s daily caloric intake comes from wheat. Afghanistan ranks among the world’s largest importers of flour. Afghan millers are suffering from inadequate local wheat production and cheap imported flour. However, if security problems are overcome, milling is one of the promising industries in Afghanistan.” Located …

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KAZAKHSTAN: GLOBAL GRAIN PLAYER

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Kazakhstan, one of the most important grain producers and exporters in the world, has trouble reaching to international markets due to the lack of direct access to ports. Astana who wants to overcome this hurdle with investments in transportation infrastructure is planning to install new facilities and upgrade old equipment to increase its grain processing capacity. Kazakhstan, the last republic …

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